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5.4    Bibliografia

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4. Stuck AE, Minder CE, Peter-Wuest I, Gillmann G, Egli C, Kesselring A et al. A randomized trial of in-home visits for disability prevention in community-dwelling older people at low and high risk for nursing home admission. Arch.Intern.Med. 2000;160:977-86.

5. Wagner EH, LaCroix AZ, Grothaus L, Leveille SG, Hecht JA, Artz K et al. Preventing disability and falls in older adults: a population-based randomized trial. Am.J Public Health 1994;84:1800-6.

6. Bula CJ, Berod AC, Stuck AE, Alessi CA, Aronow HU, Santos-Eggimann B et al. Effectiveness of preventive in-home geriatric assessment in well functioning, community-dwelling older people: secondary analysis of a randomized trial. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:389-95.

7. Epstein AM, Hall JA, Fretwell M, Feldstein M, DeCiantis ML, Tognetti J et al. Consultative geriatric assessment for ambulatory patients. A randomized trial in a health maintenance organization. JAMA 1990;263:538-44.

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16. Guralnik JM, Simonsick EM, Ferrucci L, Glynn RJ, Berkman LF, Blazer DG et al. A short physical performance battery assessing lower extremity function: association with self-reported disability and prediction of mortality and nursing home admission. J.Gerontol. 1994;49:M85-M94.

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18. Ostchega Y, Harris TB, Hirsch R, Parsons VL, Kington R. The prevalence of functional limitations and disability in older persons in the US: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 2000;48:1132-5.

19. Kawas C, Gray S, Brookmeyer R, Fozard J, Zonderman A. Age-specific incidence rates of Alzheimer's disease: the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. Neurology 2000;54:2072-7.

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24. von Strauss E, Fratiglioni L, Viitanen M, Forsell Y, Winblad B. Morbidity and comorbidity in relation to functional status: a community- based study of the oldest old (90+ years). J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 2000;48:1462-9.

25. Bloem BR, Gussekloo J, Lagaay AM, Remarque EJ, Haan J, Westendorp RG. Idiopathic senile gait disorders are signs of subclinical disease. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 2000;48:1098-101.

26. Fries BE, Morris JN, Skarupski KA, Blaum CS, Galecki A, Bookstein F et al. Accelerated dysfunction among the very oldest-old in nursing homes. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000;55:M336-M341.

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30. Epstein AM, Hall JA, Fretwell M, Feldstein M, DeCiantis ML, Tognetti J et al. Consultative geriatric assessment for ambulatory patients. A randomized trial in a health maintenance organization. JAMA 1990;263:538-44.

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33. Launer LJ, Wind AW, Deeg DJ. Nonresponse pattern and bias in a community-based cross-sectional study of cognitive functioning among the elderly. Am.J.Epidemiol. 1994;139:803-12.

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37. Leveille SG, Wagner EH, Davis C, Grothaus L, Wallace J, LoGerfo M et al. Preventing disability and managing chronic illness in frail older adults: a randomized trial of a community-based partnership with primary care. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1998;46:1191-8.

38. McInnes E, Mira M, Atkin N, Kennedy P, Cullen J. Can GP input into discharge planning result in better outcomes for the frail aged: results from a randomized controlled trial. Fam.Pract. 1999;16:289-93.

39. Guralnik JM, Ferrucci L, Pieper CF, Leveille SG, Markides KS, Ostir GV et al. Lower extremity function and subsequent disability: consistency across studies, predictive models, and value of gait speed alone compared with the short physical performance battery. J.Gerontol.A Biol.Sci.Med.Sci. 2000;55:M221-M231.

40. Guralnik JM, Ferrucci L, Simonsick EM, Salive ME, Wallace RB. Lower-extremity function in persons over the age of 70 years as a predictor of subsequent disability. N.Engl.J.Med. 1995;332:556-61.

41. Antonelli IR, Marra C, Gemma A, Capparella O, Carbonin PU. Unrecognized dementia: sociodemographic correlates. Aging Clin Exp Res. 1992;4:327-32.

42. Di Carlo A, Baldereschi M, Amaducci L, Maggi S, Grigoletto F, Scarlato G et al. Cognitive impairment without dementia in older people: prevalence, vascular risk factors, impact on disability. The Italian Longitudinal Study on Aging. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 2000;48:775-82.

43. Tinetti ME, Baker DI, McAvay G, Claus EB, Garrett P, Gottschalk M et al. A multifactorial intervention to reduce the risk of falling among elderly people living in the community. N.Engl.J Med 1994;331:821-7.

44. Diehr P, Bild DE, Harris TB, Duxbury A, Siscovick D, Rossi M. Body mass index and mortality in nonsmoking older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Am.J Public Health 1998;88:623-9.

45. Ostir GV, Markides KS, Black SA, Goodwin JS. Emotional well-being predicts subsequent functional independence and survival. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 2000;48:473-8.

46. Payette H, Coulombe C, Boutier V, Gray-Donald K. Nutrition risk factors for institutionalization in a free-living functionally dependent elderly population. J Clin.Epidemiol. 2000;53:579-87.

47. Payette H, Coulombe C, Boutier V, Gray-Donald K. Weight loss and mortality among free-living frail elders: a prospective study. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1999;54:M440-M445.

48. Roberts RE, Shema SJ, Kaplan GA, Strawbridge WJ. Sleep complaints and depression in an aging cohort: A prospective perspective. Am.J Psychiatry 2000;157:81-8.

49. Stuck AE, Walthert JM, Nikolaus T, Bula CJ, Hohmann C, Beck JC. Risk factors for functional status decline in community-living elderly people: a systematic literature review. Soc.Sci Med 1999;48:445-69.

50. Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. Falls prevention over 2 years: a randomized controlled trial in women 80 years and older [see comments]. Age Ageing 1999;28:513-8.

51. Campbell AJ, Robertson MC, Gardner MM, Norton RN, Buchner DM. Psychotropic medication withdrawal and a home-based exercise program to prevent falls: a randomized, controlled trial. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:850-3.

52. Reuben DB, Frank JC, Hirsch SH, McGuigan KA, Maly RC. A randomized clinical trial of outpatient comprehensive geriatric assessment coupled with an intervention to increase adherence to recommendations. J Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:269-76.

53. Hanlon JT, Weinberger M, Samsa GP, Schmader KE, Uttech KM, Lewis IK et al. A randomized, controlled trial of a clinical pharmacist intervention to improve inappropriate prescribing in elderly outpatients with polypharmacy. Am.J.Med. 1996;100:428-37.

54. Krska J, Cromarty JA, Arris F, Jamieson D, Hansford D, Duffus PR et al. Pharmacist-led medication review in patients over 65: a randomized, controlled trial in primary care. Age Ageing 2001;30:205-11.

55. Trentini M, Semeraro S, Rossi E, Giannandrea E, Vanelli M, Pandiani G et al. A multicenter randomized trial of comprehensive geriatric assessment and management: experimental design, baseline data, and six-month preliminary results. Aging Clin Exp Res. 1995;7:224-33.

56. Bull MJ, Hansen HE, Gross CR. A professional-patient partnership model of discharge planning with elders hospitalized with heart failure. Appl.Nurs.Res. 2000;13:19-28.

57. Naylor M, Brooten D, Jones R, Lavizzo-Mourey R, Mezey M, Pauly M. Comprehensive discharge planning for the hospitalized elderly. A randomized clinical trial. Ann.Intern.Med 1994;120:999-1006.

58. Rubenstein LZ, Josephson KR, Wieland GD, English PA, Sayre JA, Kane RL. Effectiveness of a geriatric evaluation unit. A randomized clinical trial. N.Engl.J.Med. 1984;311:1664-70.

59. Stuck AE, Siu AL, Wieland GD, Adams J, Rubenstein LZ. Comprehensive geriatric assessment: a meta-analysis of controlled trials. Lancet 1993;342:1032-6.

60. Rich MW, Gray DB, Beckham V, Wittenberg C, Luther P. Effect of a multidisciplinary intervention on medication compliance in elderly patients with congestive heart failure. Am.J Med 1996;101:270-6.

61. Rich MW, Beckham V, Wittenberg C, Leven CL, Freedland KE, Carney RM. A multidisciplinary intervention to prevent the readmission of elderly patients with congestive heart failure. N.Engl.J Med 1995;333:1190-5.

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63. Stewart S, Pearson S, Horowitz JD. Effects of a home-based intervention among patients with congestive heart failure discharged from acute hospital care. Arch.Intern.Med 1998;158:1067-72.

64. Stewart S, Marley JE, Horowitz JD. Effects of a multidisciplinary, home-based intervention on unplanned readmissions and survival among patients with chronic congestive heart failure: a randomised controlled study. Lancet 1999;354:1077-83.

65. Koproski J, Pretto Z, Poretsky L. Effects of an intervention by a diabetes team in hospitalized patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care 1997;20:1553-5.

66.  Organised inpatient (stroke unit) care for stroke. Stroke Unit Trialists' Collaboration. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2000.

67. Kravitz RL, Reuben DB, Davis JW, Mitchell A, Hemmerling K, Kington RS et al. Geriatric home assessment after hospital discharge. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1994;42:1229-34.

68. Nikolaus T, Specht-Leible N, Bach M, Oster P, Schlierf G. A randomized trial of comprehensive geriatric assessment and home intervention in the care of hospitalized patients. Age Ageing 1999;28:543-50.

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70. Hogan DB,.Fox RA. A prospective controlled trial of a geriatric consultation team in an acute-care hospital. Age Ageing 1990;19:107-13.

71. Landefeld CS, Palmer RM, Kresevic DM, Fortinsky RH, Kowal J. A randomized trial of care in a hospital medical unit especially designed to improve the functional outcomes of acutely ill older patients. N.Engl.J Med 1995;332:1338-44.

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74. Duberstein PR, Conwell Y, Cox C. Suicide in widowed persons. A psychological autopsy comparison of recently and remotely bereaved older subjects. Am.J Geriatr.Psychiatry 1998;6:328-34.

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104. Gall MJ, Grimble GK, Reeve NJ, Thomas SJ. Effect of providing fortified meals and between-meal snacks on energy and protein intake of hospital patients. Clin.Nutr. 1998;17:259-64.

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