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7.4    Bibliografia

1.   Stessman J, Ginsberg G, Hammerman-Rozenberg R, Friedman R, Ronen D, Israeli A et al. Decreased hospital utilization by older adults attributable to a home hospitalization program. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1996;44:591-8.

2.   Groves T. Government plan for care of elderly people [news]. BMJ 1996;312:1246-7.

3.   Carpenter GI, Hirdes JP, Ribbe MW, Ikegami N, Challis D, Steel K et al. Targeting and quality of nursing home care. A five-nation study. Aging (Milano.) 1999;11:83-9.

4.   Hansebo G, Kihlgren M, Ljunggren G. Review of nursing documentation in nursing home wa. J.Adv.Nurs. 1999;29:1462-73.

5.   Hansebo G, Kihlgren M, Ljunggren G, Winblad B. Staff views on the Resident Assessment Instrument, RAI/MDS, in nursing homes, and the use of the Cognitive Performance Scale, CPS, in different levels of care in Stockholm, Sweden. J.Adv.Nurs. 1998;28:642-53.

6.   Rantz MJ. Examining MDS (Minimum Data Set) resident assessments for the impact on public policy. J.Long.Term.Care Adm 1995;23:18-21.

7.   Popejoy LL, Rantz MJ, Conn V, Wipke-Tevis D, Grando VT, Porter R. Improving quality of care in nursing facilities. Gerontological clinical nurse specialist as research nurse consultant. J.Gerontol.Nurs. 2000;26:6-13.

8.   Rantz MJ, Popejoy L, Zwygart-Stauffacher M, Wipke-Tevis D, Grando VT. Minimum Data Set and Resident Assessment Instrument. Can using standardized assessment improve clinical practice and outcomes of care? J.Gerontol.Nurs. 1999;25:35-43.

9.   Rantz MJ, Popejoy L, Petroski GF, Madsen RW, Mehr DR, Zwygart-Stauffacher M et al. Randomized clinical trial of a quality improvement intervention in nursing homes. Gerontologist 2001;41:525-38.

10.   Achterberg W, Pot AM, van Campen C, Ribbe M. Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI): a review of international research on the psychometric qualities and effects of implementation in nursing homes. Tijdschr.Gerontol.Geriatr. 1999;30:264-70.

11.   Brizioli E, Ferrucci L, Masera F, Di Niro G, Bernabei R. La ricerca sanitaria: validazione del sistema RUG in Italia. Bollettino delle Ricerche 2000;2:9-74.

12.   O'Reilly D, Parfrey PS, Barrett B, McDonald J. Efficiency of institutional long-term care and annual demands for placement. Healthc.Manage.Forum 1998;11:26-32.

13.   Quartararo M, Glasziou P, Kerr C. A simple geriatric assessment measure to assist a consultative team decision for nursing home placement. Aging (Milano.) 1995;7:184-7.

14.   Landi F, Sgadari A, Zuccala G, Pahor M, Carbonin P, Bernabei R. A brief training program on resident assessment instrument improves motivation of nursing home staff. J.Nutr.Health Aging 1999;3:24-8.

15.   Rubenstein LZ, Abrass IB, Kane RL. Improved care for patients on a new geriatric evaluation unit. J Am Geriatr Soc 1981;29:531-6.

16.   Wieland D, Lamb V, Wang H, Sutton S, Eleazer GP, Egbert J. Participants in the Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) demonstration: developing disease-impairment-disability profiles. Gerontologist 2000;40:218-27.

17.   Ohmit SE, Arden NH, Monto AS. Effectiveness of inactivated influenza vaccine among nursing home residents during an influenza type A (H3N2) epidemic. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:165-71.

18.   Roos-Van Eijndhoven DG, Cools HJ, Westendorp RG, Cate-Hoek AJ, Knook DL, Remarque EJ. Randomized controlled trial of seroresponses to double dose and booster influenza vaccination in frail elderly subjects. J.Med.Virol. 2001;63:293-8.

19.   Evans LK, Strumpf NE, Allen-Taylor SL, Capezuti E, Maislin G, Jacobsen B. A clinical trial to reduce restraints in nursing homes. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1997;45:675-81.

20.   Rovner BW, Steele CD, Shmuely Y, Folstein MF. A randomized trial of dementia care in nursing homes. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1996;44:7-13.

21.   Ray WA, Taylor JA, Meador KG, Lichtenstein MJ, Griffin MR, Fought R et al. Reducing antipsychotic drug use in nursing homes. A controlled trial of provider education. Arch.Intern.Med. 1993;153:713-21.

22.   Leipzig RM, Cumming RG, Tinetti ME. Drugs and falls in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis: I. Psychotropic drugs. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:30-9.

23.   Sgadari A, Lapane KL, Mor V, Landi F, Bernabei R, Gambassi G. Oxidative and nonoxidative benzodiazepines and the risk of femur fracture. The Systematic Assessment of Geriatric Drug Use Via Epidemiology Study Group. J.Clin.Psychopharmacol. 2000;20:234-9.

24.   Ray WA, Thapa PB, Gideon P. Benzodiazepines and the risk of falls in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc 2000;48:682-5.

25.   Ray WA, Taylor JA, Meador KG, Thapa PB, Brown AK, Kajihara HK et al. A randomized trial of a consultation service to reduce falls in nursing homes. JAMA 1997;278:557-62.

26.   Gurwitz JH, Field TS, Avorn J, McCormick D, Jain S, Eckler M et al. Incidence and preventability of adverse drug events in nursing homes. Am.J.Med. 2000;109:87-94.

27.   Field TS, Gurwitz JH, Avorn J, McCormick D, Jain S, Eckler M et al. Risk factors for adverse drug events among nursing home residents. Arch.Intern.Med. 2001;161:1629-34.

28.   Philbin EF, Santella RN, Rocco TA, Jr. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use in older patients with heart failure and renal dysfunction. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:302-8.

29.   Gambassi G, Lapane KL, Sgadari A, Carbonin P, Gatsonis C, Lipsitz LA et al. Effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and digoxin on health outcomes of very old patients with heart failure. SAGE Study Group. Systematic Assessment of Geriatric drug use via Epidemiology. Arch.Intern.Med. 2000;160:53-60.

30.   Bernabei R, Gambassi G, Lapane K, Landi F, Gatsonis C, Dunlop R et al. Management of pain in elderly patients with cancer. SAGE Study Group. Systematic Assessment of Geriatric Drug Use via Epidemiology [see comments] [published erratum appears in JAMA 1999 Jan 13;281(2):136]. JAMA 1998;279:1877-82.

31.   Gifford DR, Lapane KL, Gambassi G, Landi F, Mor V, Bernabei R. Tacrine use in nursing homes: implications for prescribing new cholinesterase inhibitors. SAGE Study Group. Systematic Assessment of Geriatric Drug Use via Epidemiology [see comments]. Neurology 1999;52:238-44.

32.   O'Brien BJ, Goeree R, Hux M, Iskedjian M, Blackhouse G, Gagnon M et al. Economic evaluation of donepezil for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease in Canada. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1999;47:570-8.

33.   Ray WA, Stein CM, Byrd V, Shorr R, Pichert JW, Gideon P et al. Educational program for physicians to reduce use of non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drugs among community-dwelling elderly persons: a randomized controlled trial. Med.Care 2001;39:425-35.

34.   Stein CM, Griffin MR, Taylor JA, Pichert JW, Brandt KD, Ray WA. Educational program for nursing home physicians and staff to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among nursing home residents: a randomized controlled trial. Med.Care 2001;39:436-45.

35.   Fisk AA. Comprehensive health care for the elderly. JAMA 1983;249:230-6.

36.   Cavalieri TA, Chopra A, Gray-Miceli D, Shreve S, Waxman H, Forman LJ. Geriatric assessment teams in nursing homes: do they work? J.Am.Osteopath.Assoc. 1993;93:1269-72.

37.   Zarit SH, Stephens MA, Townsend A, Greene R. Stress reduction for family caregivers: effects of adult day care use. J.Gerontol.B Psychol.Sci.Soc.Sci. 1998;53:S267-S277.

38.   Wimo A, Mattsson B, Adolfsson R, Eriksson T, Nelvig A. Dementia day care and its effects on symptoms and institutionalization-- a controlled Swedish study. Scand.J.Prim.Health Care 1993;11:117-23.

39.   Grant LA, Kane RA, Stark AJ. Beyond labels: nursing home care for Alzheimer's disease in and out of special care units. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1995;43:569-76.

40.   Gori G, Pientini S, Vespa A. The selection of meaningful activities as a treatment for day-care in dementia. Arch.Gerontol.Geriatr. 2001;33 Suppl 1:207-12.

41.   Okamoto M, Murashima S, Saito E. [Effectiveness of day care service for elderly patients with dementia and their caregivers as observed by comparison of days with and without day care services]. Nippon Koshu Eisei Zasshi 1998;45:1152-61.

42.   Watanabe Y. [The long-term effect of day care rehabilitation on individuals with dementia]. Hokkaido Igaku Zasshi 1996;71:391-402.

43.   Droes RM, Breebaart E, Ettema TP, van Tilburg W, Mellenbergh GJ. Effect of integrated family support versus day care only on behavior and mood of patients with dementia. Int.Psychogeriatr. 2000;12:99-115.

44.   Hampel MJ,.Hastings MM. Assessing quality in nursing home dementia special care units: a pilot test of the Joint Commission protocol. J.Ment.Health Adm 1993;20:236-46.

45.   Aronson MK, Cox D, Guastadisegni P, Frazier C, Sherlock L, Grower R et al. Dementia and the nursing home: association with care needs [see comments]. J.Am.Geriatr.Soc. 1992;40:27-33.

46.   Mittelman MS, Ferris SH, Shulman E, Steinberg G, Levin B. A family intervention to delay nursing home placement of patients with Alzheimer disease. A randomized controlled trial. JAMA 1996;276:1725-31.    

[1] La RSA così come è indicata nella legislazione nazionale e regionale italiana può essere considerata l’equivalente della nursing home presente nei paesi anglosassoni e scandinavi, servizio di assistenza socio-sanitaria di residenzialità per anziani disabili e con stato di salute instabile per i quali non siano consigliabili altre forme di assistenza.